Reading Report 5
Posted March 24, 2011on:
This is my fifth reading report I post it . I decided to learn some new facts about penguins. Penguins are a group of birds which live in the southern Hemisphere especially in Antarctica. They have black and white feathers and they are not able to fly. They spend most of the time underwater to search for food. when Penguins are underwater, they flop their wings like they are flying. Their body built for the most efficient swimming with their average speed in the water being about 15 miles per hour. The only time penguins are airborne is when they leap out of the water. Penguins will often do this to get a gulp of air before diving back down for fish. Penguins cannot breathe underwater, so they are able to hold their breath for a long time. They also use their ability to leap out of the water to get from the ocean onto land if there are cliffs to deal with. Penguins spend a lot of time dealing with temperature. They are warm-blooded, just like people. They stay warm in the cold places because they have a layer of fat under their skin called “blubber”. Overtop of this they are covered with fluffy “down” feathers and overtop of those they have their outer feathers which overlap to seal in warmth. Penguins rub oil from a gland onto their feathers to help make them waterproof and windproof.
During the mating season penguins head for special nesting areas on the shore. The area where penguins mate, nest and raise their chicks is called a “rookery”. When penguins are ready to mate, the male stands with his back arched and wings stretched. He makes a loud call and struts about to attract a female. and when they find a mate, they bond with each other by touching necks and slapping each other on the back with their flippers. They also “sing” to each other so they learn to recognize each other’s voices. Once a penguin finds a mate, they usually stay together for years — for as long as they have chicks.
I think penguins is a nice animal which attractive us to learn more about them because they are not in the whole world , just in part of it . I really liked these facts and I recommend to everyone read more and more about them.
New word I learnd:
flop: (v) to hang down loosely.
efficient: (adj) able to work well without making mistakes or wasting time and energy.
airborne : (adj) flying in the air.
leap: (v) to jump high or a long way.
gulp: (v) to eat or drink sth quickly.
cliff: (n) a high, very steep area of rock, especially one next to the sea.